Have you heard your child’s school counselor or other parents mention a “gap year,” but you’re not quite sure what it is and all that it entails — and, most importantly, whether it is a good idea for your young adult? Let us help demystify the gap year and guide you in the right direction.
What is a Gap Year?
A gap year refers to the year before college when some students decide to defer admissions to college for travel, work, or alternative methods of study. In other words, a gap year is a break from traditional school and a time to explore the world, oneself, or a meaningful cause before four or more years of rigorous study.
In several countries, a gap year has long been the norm for high school graduates. However, this practice has only recently been significantly embraced in the United States. Harvard Dean of Admissions William Fitzsimmons added substantial momentum to the movement with his article advocating for gap years, “Time Out or Burn Out.” An when Malia Obama announced she was taking a gap year before attending Harvard, curiosity about gap years increased even more in the U.S.
Gap years can be appropriate and energizing at any stage of life. Students take them between undergraduate and graduate school, and adults can take them, too. A plethora of gap year programs and resources have developed alongside this movement. This guide will kick start your gap year thoughts and answer your most pressing questions about the basics, program options, experiences, and potential impact of a gap year for your child and family.
Should Your Child Consider a Gap Year?
Is your child burnt out after senior year? A gap year can provide him or her the time to step back from the pressures of school and reset before returning to an even more rigorous college curriculum.
Does your child want to explore the world before committing to an academic or professional track? A gap year might be the only chance he or she has to travel for a significant amount of time.
Does your child need a little extra time to mature before starting college? A gap year can provide the time for your child to learn to live alone and gain some independence before college.
Is your child undecided about what to study in college? He or she could take the year to do several internships and understand the working world so that your money is best spent on a college degree that makes sense for your child’s future.
Did your child get rejected from his or her dream school? Although many gap year students apply to college, get accepted, and then defer admission for a year, some students may choose to re-apply to colleges during their gap years. Their decision to take a gap year, to re-apply, and to do something meaningful with their time might make them stronger applicants.
Does your child want to become fluent in a foreign language? In our increasingly global world, foreign languages give any student an edge. A year immersed in another country can give your child the opportunity to become proficient in a foreign language.
College Application and Deferral Process
Most students will apply to college before their gap year to avoid the stress of applications during their year off. However, some colleges have term-specific acceptances and require students to apply the year they intend to enroll. Speak to your college counselor or to the admissions office directly to ensure that the college your child wants to attend allows deferrals.
After your student has been accepted to colleges, the next step is to let the college know about his or her intention to defer. Your child needs to send a letter to the admissions office requesting deferral for one year including an explanation of what he or she will be doing with the year and why it is important to their future college career. Most colleges will accept the deferral, but it is safer to let the colleges know sooner rather than later.
Financing a Gap Year
Although it is possible to do a gap year on a budget, they can get expensive. Therefore, it is important to have a financial plan so that the year does not break the bank. Unless your child intends to take a paid job for the year, which some students do, a gap year means another year on your dime. There are scholarships, grants, and other resources available that you and your child can research to help pay for the year. Students intending to volunteer can fundraise or crowd-raise to pay for volunteer programs. Students wishing to do an adventure trip can do it for charity and find sponsors to support them. However, a gap year does not necessarily mean your child flies around the world volunteering or traveling. Gap years can mean different things for different students and can take place close to home or on the other side of the planet. See our list of program options below to see which one makes the most financial sense for you or your child.
Several colleges, such as Princeton, offer tuition-free bridge programs that send incoming students on a nine-month program overseas. If your student is set on taking a gap year, encourage him or her to apply to schools that offer this program.
Planning a Gap Year
After you and your child decide that a gap year is the right decision, the next step is to figure out what he or she wants to do for that year. Although there are many programs that your child can enroll in for the year, it is also entirely possible to plan it yourselves. From working or interning, to volunteering or adventure travel, there are many opportunities to make your child’s year meaningful. Several opportunities can be found here and below.
Official Gap Year Programs:
- AmeriCorps — Young adults between the ages of 18 and 24 are eligible for AmeriCorps, which offers thousands of service programs, includes a living allowance, and almost $5,000 for college upon completion.
- Bridgton Academy — A boys-only preparatory school located in Maine that offers specialized programming that develops academic skills, study skills, self-discipline, and confidence. Twelve courses with transferable college credit are available.
- Center for Interim Programs — Founded in 1980, The Center for Interim Programs is the first and longest-running independent gap-year counseling organization in the United States.
- Disney CareerStart Program — A seven-month “structured living, learning, and earning program for high school graduates who are unsure of their future path and looking for a new experience that will provide them more than just a job.”
- Dynamy — Dynamy’s internship year matches students with year-long internships in order to give students a taste of life outside of the classroom and in the working world.
- Global Volunteer Network — An opportunity to work, volunteer, live, and learn while traveling abroad, with programs ranging from academic year-length to home-stay and work and travel options, in more than 30 countries worldwide.
- High Mountain Institute — HMI offers gap year programs in Patagonia and the American West for students interested in mountain climbing and conservation.
- LeapYear Experiential College Alternatives and Internships — Three-month and nine-month programs are just two types of LeapYear opportunities, ranging from educational to work-based immersion into different cultures around the world.
- Seamester — Educational opportunities at sea, usually a semester long, during which students spend that time sailing between islands, countries, and even continents — all while earning college credit.
- Projects Abroad — Projects Abroad is one of the largest overseas volunteer organizations in the world. Founded in 1992, it sends more than 8,000 people a year on a variety of international service projects and internships.
- Thinking Beyond Borders — For 10 years, this gap year program has offered students culturally immersive experiences around the world that include work and problem-solving aspects.
- USA Gap Year Fairs — National circuit of events that bring together reputable gap year organizations, interested students and parents, high school college counselors, and gap year experts.
- Where There Be Dragons — An encounter-based travel opportunity for students looking for a “profoundly educational experience” in countries such as India and China.
Gap Year Articles from Make It Better:
- The Importance of Taking a Gap Year
- Half Gap Year: Make the Most of January Admits
- Gap Year: 9 Great Reasons to Consider
- The 4-Year Fork in the Road: College Alternatives
Gap Year Articles from National Resources:
- The Case for Taking a Midlife ‘Gap’ Year (Wall Street Journal)
- How Taking a Gap Year Can Shape Your Life (New York Times)
- Making the Most of a Gap Year Before College (CNBC)
- How My Gap Year Changed My Life (CNN)
- Why Your High School Senior Should Take a Gap Year (TIME)
- How To Plan a Gap Year (New York Times)
Books About Gap Years:
- “The Gap Year Advantage” by Karl Haigler and Rae Nelson
- “Ready or Not, Here Life Comes” by Mel Levin
- “The Complete Guide to the Gap Year” by Kristin M White
- “Gap Years for Grown Ups” by Susan Griffith
- “Gap Year: How Delaying College Changes People in Ways the World Needs” by Joseph O’Shea
More Make It Better Guides:
- 11 Secrets to Great Health at Every Age
- 9 Ways to Tackle Life’s Transitions With Ease
- 8 Surefire Tips for Success at Every Stage of Your Career
Macon Bianucci is a student at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism. She is an intern at Make It Better for her final quarter at Northwestern, and she enjoys writing about social justice issues and politics. Macon is a longtime supporter of The Foundation For Tomorrow, a NGO in Tanzania that provides education and support for orphaned and vulnerable children.